Tuesday, March 29, 2016

Go Green with supercritical carbon dioxide


Go Green with supercritical carbon dioxide 

A green solvent is one that has low toxicity, easy recyclability, easy removal from the product and low reactivity.
Supercritical carbon dioxide one of the promising green solvents are used now-a-days, it is used for procurement of the nature and help to diminish  the influence of global warming.

Know about  supercritical fluid ? 

A supercritical fluid is any substance at a temperature and pressure above its critical point, where distinct liquid and gas phases do not exist.
Supercritical fluid are suitable as a substitute for organic solvents in a range of industrial and laboratory processes.Carbon dioxide usually behaves as a gas in air at standard temperature and pressure (STP), or as a solid called dry ice when frozen. If the temperature and pressure are both increased from STP to be at or above the critical point for carbon dioxide, it can adopt properties midway between a gas and a liquid. More specifically, it behaves as a supercritical fluid above its critical temperature (304.25 K, 31.10 °C, 87.98 °F) and critical pressure (72.9 atm, 7.39 MPa, 1,071 psi), expanding to fill its container like a gas but with a density like that of a liquid.

Advantages of supercritical carbon dioxide
  1. Natural, cheap, plentiful.
  2. Available in >99.9 pure form, £70/$110 per 25 kg.
  3. By-product of brewing, ammonia synthesis, combustion. 
  4. Easily removed and recycled,and can be disposed of with no net increase in global carbon dioxide.
  5. Small amounts of co solvents can further modify solvent properties
Current industrial applications
  1. Decaffeination of coffee beans
  2. Hop extraction in brewing 
  3. Treatment of toxic waste
  4. Coating on aerospace parts 
  5. Chocolate biscuits 
  6. Amongst the biggest temperature controlled buildings in the UK.

"Go Green before green goes"

Monday, March 28, 2016

Do you know about Clinical Trial

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A Clinical Trial is a research study that tests a new medical treatment or a new way of using an existing treatment to see if it will be a better way to prevent and screen for diagnose or treat a disease. For any new drug to enter in clinical trial, it must pass preclinical studies. Preclinical studies involve test-tube or Laboratory studies and trials on animal populations. Wide range of dosages of the study drug is given to animal subjects or to an in-vitro substrate in order to obtain preliminary efficacy, toxicity and pharmacokinetic information.
Carefully conducted clinical trials are fastest and safest way to find treatment that work in people and way to improve health and determine whether experimental treatment or new ways of using known therapies are safe and effective under controlled environment. Observational trials address health issues in large groups of people or population in natural settings. 

Clinical trials divided into 4 Phases

Phase I
Phase I trials are the first stage of testing in human subjects. Normally, a small (20-80) group of healthy volunteers will be selected. This phase includes trials designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of a drug. These trials are often conducted in an inpatient clinic, where the subject can be observed by full-time staff.

Phase II
Once the initial safety of the study drug has been confirmed in Phase I trials, Phase II trials are performed on larger groups (20-300) and are designed to assess how well the drug works, as well as to continue Phase I safety assessments in a larger group of volunteers and patients.

Phase III
Phase III studies are randomized controlled multicenter trials on large patient groups (300–3,000 or more depending upon the disease/medical condition studied) and are aimed at being the definitive assessment of how effective the drug is, in comparison with current 'gold standard' treatment. Because of their size and comparatively long duration, Phase III trials are the most expensive, time-consuming and difficult trials to design and run, especially in therapies for chronic medical conditions.

Phase IV
Phase IV trial is also known as Post Marketing Surveillance Trial. Phase IV trials involve the safety surveillance and ongoing technical support of a drug after it receives permission to be sold. Phase IV studies may be required by regulatory authorities or may be undertaken by the sponsoring company for competitive or other reasons.

Do you know the Need of SWOT analysis

Need of SWOT analysis



Life is a very big platform, where we get large amount of opportunity. Everyone wants to convert this opportunity into success but all peoples are not eligible to convert this opportunity into success.
Before starting of any work or project, we should know about our Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threats (SWOT). SWOT analysis provides various benefits to understand the process of handling of our work. With the help of SWOT analysis, we can enhance our strength and also suppress the weakness. Weakness can also change into our strength if we know our weakness before starting of any particular work. Same with strength, if we know our strength, we enhance and use in proper direction to become success.

SWOT analysis works in each and every aspects of life. It provides better coordination between work and its way. Without SWOT, works will not go in proper direction.

It’s my personal experience as I had a project in which I faced a lot of problem then someone suggest me to use this analysis. I have applied this approach in my personal life and find the various parameters that affects me and my work then I have changed the rules and regulations of my life and I got successes not only in my project but also in my friends project by helping them  and at the same time I have handled many project. So it was a great opportunity for me to handle this kind of high pressure worked by the knowing of my positive and negative points of work handling.

So it’s my personal suggestion to you, you should know your capabilities and weakness by SWOT analysis before starting of any important work of life. It will really help you.

Saturday, March 26, 2016

Do you have knowledge about antibiotics?

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Do you have knowledge about antibiotics?


Antibiotics!!!!!!!!!
Perhaps everyone used antibiotics in any time of his/her life. But do you actually know what the Antibiotics are and how it works in our body to kill the harmful microorganisms.

In the strictest sense, antibiotics are antibacterial substances produced by various species of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi, and actinomycetes) that suppress the growth of other microorganisms.

It is also known as antimicrobials. Antimicrobial agents are among the most commonly used and misused of all drugs.

Antibiotics has also problem for its use. The major problem threatening the continued success of antimicrobial drugs is the development of resistant organisms. Microorganisms can adapt to environmental pressures in a variety of effective ways, and their response to antibiotic pressure is no exception.

Antibiotics generally working by inhibiting the cell wall synthesis, protein synthesis inhibition, misreading of genetic materials and many more ways in microorganism without affecting to the host.

Sometime antibiotics may cause of
Toxicity
Hypersensitivity reaction
Drug resistance
Super infection
Nutritional deficiencies
Masking of an infection

We should always aware about the proper use of antibiotics because improper dose and regimen of antibiotics may cause of death and higher consequences. Don’t take antibiotics without prescription.

Friday, March 25, 2016

Magic of Aloe vera

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Magic of Aloe vera



 Plant extracts represent a continuous effort to find new compound against pathogens. Approximately 20% of the plants found in the world have been submitted to phar- macological or biological test, and a substantial number of new antibiotics introduced on the market are obtained from natural or semi synthetic resources.
The plant Aloe vera is used in Ayurvedic, Homoeopathic and Allopathic streams of medicine, and not only tribal com-munity but also most of the people for food and medicine. The plant leaves contains numerous vitamins, minerals, enzymes, amino acids, natural sugars and other bioactive compounds with emollient, purgative, antimicrobial, anti inflammatory, anti-oxidant, aphrodisiac, antihelmenthic, antifungal, antiseptic and cosmetic values for health care. This plant has potential to cure sunburns, burns and minor cuts, and even skin cancer. The external use in cosmetic primarily acts as skin healer and prevents injury of epithelial tissues, cures acne and gives a youthful glow to skin, also acts as extremely powerful laxative.
The active ingredients hidden in its succulent leaves have the power to soothe human life and health in a myriad ways. The plant has importance in everyday life to soothe a variety of skin ailments such as mild cuts, antidote for insect stings, bruises, poison ivy and eczema along with skin moisturizing and anti ageing, digestive tract health, blood and lymphatic circulation and functioning of kidney, liver and gall bladder makes it a boon to human kind. Aloe vera as the “wonder plant” is multiple from being an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory agent, helps in relieving like cancer and diabetes, and being a cosmetic field.

What is biomaterial?

What is biomaterial?
The field of biomaterial science is widely important. Firstly we should know what are biomaterials?
During the last two decades, significant advances have been made in the development of biocompatible and biodegradable materials for medical applications.
In the biomedical field, the goal is to develop and characterize artificial materials or, in other words, “spare parts” for use in the human body to MEASURE, RESTORE and IMPROVE physical functions and enhance survival and quality of life.
Biomaterials are used to make devices to replace a part or a function of the body in safe, reliably economically, and physiologically acceptable manner. A variety of devices and materials are used in the treatment of disease or injury. Commonplace examples include suture needles, plates, teeth fillings, etc.
In another words, a synthetic material used to make devices to replace part of a living system or to function in intimate contact with living tissue.

There are various biomaterials are uses in organs like

Heart - Cardiac pacemaker, artificial heart valve, totally artificial heart
Lung - Oxy-generator machine
Eye - Contact lens, intraocular lens
Ear - Artificial stapes, cochlea implant
Bone - Bone plate, intra-medullary rod
Kidney - Kidney dialysis machine
Bladder - Catheter and stent


Love to your heart

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Love to your heart3

I think every human loves someone in his/her life. Someone is special for human. Love is the great feeling of the world. But we should also love to our body, our health, our heart.

In this modern life, we ignore our health and love someone else. Sorry it just a joke but we have to love our heart. If we ignore the health of our heart than it might be possible we will face a large amount of problem that may cause of death.

A number of common risk factors are recognized as increasing the likelihood of individuals developing atherosclerosis. 
There are three broad groups. Fixed risk factors are by definition un-modifiable, but are taken into account in advising people about their overall risk:
Age
Gender
Family history/genetic factors.
Lifestyle/behavioral risk factors reflect an individual’s circumstances and choices, and can be changed for the better to reduce personal risk:
Smoking
Physical inactivity
Poor diet
Obesity
Harmful use of alcohol
‘Bodily’ risk factors reflect changes to body systems that are also reversible or preventable in their early stages, but may require more medical treatment:
Hypertension/raised blood pressure
Raised cholesterol/disordered lipids
Impaired glucose tolerance/diabetes
Chronic kidney disease
So always eat healthy and always care your heart, live healthy by love your heart.
I love my heart and you love your heart.

Thursday, March 24, 2016

What is Viral Marketing ,How Viral Marketing works



The advent of social media has led to the increased usage of a word – VIRAL! People, agencies, companies… everyone wants their articles, photos, videos, advertisements, posts, apps, products and what have you to go viral i.e. be shared hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of times. Most entities try to achieve this by pleading with those in their online networks to share what they’ve uploaded. Do they succeed? Baaaahhh. But some folks do… without much effort. Why? And how?
Scott Stratten has explained the concept of viral content beautifully. In this post, I will repeat what he explains for the benefit of those who haven’t heard it.
When a product (or app or song) is launched, or when content (photo, infographic, video, etc.) is created, people who share it are often from the first circle. They’re either someone from the team which created it, or are people who want to appear in the boss’ good books. These are people directly associated with the product or campaign. When they share it, the content (product, app, video, song, photo, etc.) reaches the second circle. This second circle is actually the first circle of the sharers, which includes their friends and family. Members of this circle are not obliged to share it with anyone. However, when they do, the content reaches the third circle. People in the second circle share it with their family and friends because they genuinely have been impacted by what they see. Forget the terms “adding value” and “Unique Selling Proposition” for a bit. People share because they want others to see what intrigued, entertained, saddened, touched, disgusted or enraged them. People in the third circle then share it with those in their first circle, and the cycle continues. Ultimately, the content that started off in some office or studio ends up going viral.
Think about it. Isn’t this why Michael Jackson and Metallica were popular long before the internet came into existence? Isn’t this why ‘ Why This Kolaveri Di’, the Volvo commercial and Psy’s ‘Gangnam Style’ were such hits? And why Felix Baumgartner’s Space Jump was one of the most watched YouTube videos in 2013? And, of course, Justine Sacco’s infamous tweet, albeit for all the wrong reasons.
99% people who aim to produce viral content fail to remember that only one factor galvanizes people into action… EMOTION! Liking a Facebook post is one thing, sharing it on their timeline with 400+ friends is another. Favoriting a tweet is one thing, retweeting it is another. A person shares something when it engages him/her emotionally. It may evoke feelings like fun, joy, anger or nostalgia in him/her. You can beg people to share your content, but how many oblige? And when something barely crosses the first circle, you can bet that going viral is out of the question.
So stop focusing on creating “viral content”. Focus, instead, on creating something awesome and engaging… stuff which creates an emotional bond with your readers and viewers. Do something outrageous which delights people; give them a reason to share what you’ve created. Then, dear friend, you will have done something which is worth reaching hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of people across the globe.

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Wednesday, March 23, 2016

CAN FOOD HELP TO MANAGE THE CANCER?

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CAN FOOD HELP TO MANAGE THE CANCER?

If you’ve ever built a house or know how a house is built, you will know you need bricks and cement and you will also need some chemicals in the cement to make sure it’s a good, solid house. 

The body is no different. Nutrition provides the bricks, mortar and other chemicals – like vitamins and minerals – to build a solid, healthy body. 

The essential building blocks of the body are proteins, fats and carbohydrates. So you need a healthy diet with a good balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
There are very examples in which patients get benefit in cancer and now living happy. 


Every disease can be managed by food but how??


It is hard to understand but some facts shows that can manage the cancer.
Food can help you kill the cancer cells.
Food can help you create or eliminate the inflammation that goes along with cancer. 
Food can help you boost the immune system to help you fight the disease. 
Food can help you keep the body clean by supporting detoxification of the body. 
Food can help you regulate blood sugar levels or foods can cause insulin spikes, which help the cancer to grow and spread. 
Food can help you create an alkaline pH in the body that stops cancer or foods can create an acidic environment in the body, which causes cancer to grow and spread. 
Food can help you improve your sleep and thus improve your chances of fighting the disease. 
Food can help you reduce the side effects of the treatments for cancer, which in turn will help you keep a positive mental attitude and a positive mental attitude gives you so much more chance of beating the disease. 

Stay tuned with us Twitt India blog…………(

DO YOU KNOW THE MEANING OF INITIAL AFTER THE NAME OF MEDICINAL PRODUCT?

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DO YOU KNOW THE MEANING OF INITIAL AFTER THE NAME OF MEDICINAL PRODUCT?

As you have seen label of various medicinal products. In label of medicinal products, medicine has initial like I.P., B.P., USP. after its name.
I think various people don’t know the meaning of this kind of initial.
I want to elaborate that I.P means Indian Pharmacopoeia, B.P. means British Pharmacopoeia and USP means United States Pharmacopoeia.


Now you are thinking, what is pharmacopoeia?

Regularly updated information on drugs in book form. Pharmacopoeia is a standard book of every country. It contain description of chemical structure, molecular weight, physical and chemical characteristics, solubility, identification and assay methods, standards of purity, storage conditions and dosage forms of officially approved drugs in a country. They are useful to drug manufacturers and regulatory authorities, but not to doctors, most of whom never see a pharmacopoeia. Pharmacopoeia published by government of country and it is official.
There are various examples are Indian pharmacopoeia, British pharmacopoeia, European pharmacopoeia, United States Pharmacopoeias.

Tuesday, March 22, 2016

Medicine for drug-resistant TB launched- Bedaquiline

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On the eve of World Tuberculosis Day, Health Minister J.P. Nadda launched Bedaquiline — new drug for Drug Resistant TB — as part of the national programme. The drug will be introduced in 104 districts across five States.
Speaking at a press briefing, Mr. Nadda said the “process of fighting TB is continuous. Hence there can be no dilution and no diversion. Our attention needs to be steadfast and aggressive.” The programme would not suffer on account of budgetary allocation.
The new class of drug is a diarylquinoline that specifically targets Mycobacterial ATP synthase, an enzyme essential for the supply of energy to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and most other mycobacteria.
Bedaquiline is being introduced at six tertiary care centres across India. These sites have advanced facilities for laboratory testing and intensive care for patients. Bedaquiline will be given to multi-drug resistant TB patients with resistance to either all fluoroquinolone and/or all second line injectables and extensive drug resistant TB.
The national programme will also benefit from the introduction of over 500 Cartridge-Based Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (CBNAAT) machines — a revolutionary rapid molecular test which detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis and rifampicin drug resistance, simultaneously. This test is fully automated and provides results within two hours. It is a highly sensitive diagnostic tool and can be used in remote and rural areas without sophisticated infrastructure or specialised training.
Emphasising on the need for collective commitment from all stakeholders, B.P. Sharma, Union Health Secretary, said the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) was one of the most successful programmes. “The programme has made significant impact on prevalence and treatment of TB. The quality of treatment has to be even over the public and private sectors. It has to be well supported by a strong procurement so that it can be sustained till 2030. But we need new tools for diagnostics and new research,” Mr. Sharma said.


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Monday, March 21, 2016

The Lost Relationship

Happiness is our birth right since constitutionally we are all eternal and individual spirit souls, parts and parcels of God, full of knowledge and bliss. Still we see so few people happy. Everyone is looking for happiness that is permanent, ever increasing, shared with loved ones and full of variety. And what stops us from achieving such happiness? PROBLEMS!

The type of happiness that people are experiencing at the moment is relative happiness because they are busy solving only the relative problems which keep changing with time, place and circumstance. Hence, the happiness keeps eluding us.

It doesn't stay with us forever. If we want real happiness, we have to solve the real problems which are seven in number as per the scriptures- 1) Birth 2) Old Age 3) Disease 4) Death and Miseries caused by the 5) mind and body 6) by other living entities and 7) by natural disasters.

Unless we strive to put an end to these real miseries, we cannot expect real and permanent happiness. The root cause of all our problems is our lost connection with God. Just like a child who has disconnected himself from his wealthy father undergoes various miseries and also gets free from the same as soon as the connection is re-established and no longer has to depend on any outsider for his survival, similarly as soon as we revive our relationship with God, we become free from all miserable conditions. And the most powerful way to do so in today's day and age is to chant the holy names of God,
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Want to change the world? begin with yourself


It is like those people in despair who tell you, "Why is the world so frightful?" What is the use of lamenting, since it is like that? The only thing you can do is to work to change it. Naturally, from a speculative point of view one may try to understand, but the human mind is incapable of understanding such things.

For the moment it is quite useless.

What is useful is to change it. We all agree that the world is detestable, that it is not what it ought to be, and the only thing we have to do is to work to make it otherwise. Consequently, our whole preoccupation should be to find the best means of making it different; and we can understand one thing, it is that the best means (though we do not know it quite well yet), is we ourselves, isn't it?

And surely you know yourself better than you know your neighbour- you understand better the consciousness manifested in a human being than that manifested in the stars, for instance. So, after a little hesitation you could say, "After all, the best means is what I am. I don't know very well what I am, but this kind of collection of things that I am, this perhaps is my work, this is perhaps my part of the work, and if I do it as well as I can, perhaps I shall be doing the best I can do."

This is a very big beginning, very big. It is not overwhelming, not beyond the limits of your possibilities. You have your work at hand, it is always within your reach, so to say, it is always there for you to attend to it-a field of action proportionate to your strength, but varied enough, complex, vast, deep enough to be interesting. And you explore this unknown world.

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10 Things You Didn’t Know About William Shakespeare


Shakespeare’s father held a lot of different jobs, and at one point got paid to drink beer.

The son of a tenant farmer, John Shakespeare was nothing if not upwardly mobile. He arrived in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1551 and began dabbling in various trades, selling leather goods, wool, malt and corn. In 1556 he was appointed the borough’s official “ale taster,” meaning he was responsible for inspecting bread and malt liquors. The next year he took another big step up the social ladder by marrying Mary Arden, the daughter of an aristocratic farmer who happened to be his father’s former boss. John later became a moneylender and held a series of municipal positions, serving for some time as the mayor of Stratford. In the 1570s he fell into debt and ran into legal problems for reasons that remain unclear.

Shakespeare married an older woman who was three months pregnant at the time.

In November 1582, 18-year-old William wed Anne Hathaway, a farmer’s daughter eight years his senior. Instead of the customary three times, the couple’s intention to marry was only announced at church once—evidence that the union was hastily arranged because of Anne’s eyebrow-raising condition. Six months after the wedding, the Shakespeares welcomed a daughter, Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith followed in February 1585. Little is known about the relationship between William and Anne, besides that they often lived apart and he only bequeathed her his “second-best bed” in his will.

Shakespeare’s parents were probably illiterate, and his children almost certainly were.

Nobody knows for sure, but it’s quite likely that John and Mary Shakespeare never learned to read or write, as was often the case for people of their standing during the Elizabethan era. Some have argued that John’s civic duties would have required basic literacy, but in any event he always signed his name with a mark. William, on the other hand, attended Stratford’s local grammar school, where he mastered reading, writing and Latin. His wife and their two children who lived to adulthood, Susanna and Judith, are thought to have been illiterate, though Susanna could scrawl her signature.

Nobody knows what Shakespeare did between 1585 and 1592.

To the dismay of his biographers, Shakespeare disappears from the historical record between 1585, when his twins’ baptism was recorded, and 1592, when the playwright Robert Greene denounced him in a pamphlet as an “upstart crow.” The insult suggests he’d already made a name for himself on the London stage by then. What did the newly married father and future literary icon do during those seven “lost” years? Historians have speculated that he worked as a schoolteacher, studied law, traveled across continental Europe or joined an acting troupe that was passing through Stratford. According to one 17th-century account, he fled his hometown after poaching deer from a local politician’s estate.

Shakespeare’s plays feature the first written instances of hundreds of familiar terms.

William Shakespeare is believed to have influenced the English language more than any other writer in history, coining—or, at the very least, popularizing—terms and phrases that still regularly crop up in everyday conversation. Examples include the words “fashionable” (“Troilus and Cressida”), “sanctimonious” (“Measure for Measure”), “eyeball” (“A Midsummer Night’s Dream”) and “lackluster” (“As You Like It”); and the expressions “foregone conclusion” (“Othello”), “in a pickle” (“The Tempest”), “wild goose chase” (“Romeo and Juliet”) and “one fell swoop” (“Macbeth”). He is also credited with inventing the given names Olivia, Miranda, Jessica and Cordelia, which have become common over the years (as well as others, such as Nerissa and Titania, which have not).

We probably don’t spell Shakespeare’s name correctly—but, then again, neither did he.

Sources from William Shakespeare’s lifetime spell his last name in more than 80 different ways, ranging from “Shappere” to “Shaxberd.”


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Saturday, March 12, 2016

21 Essential Free Blogging Tools - Twittindia blog

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21 Free Blogging Tools
1. WORDPRESS
Yes, there are other blogging platforms
and some of them may be easier for new
computer users and non-techies to use.
But none of them is better than
WordPress. While WordPress may be
slightly harder to get started with
because it offers more options, it’s well
worth the time investment. WordPress is
still easy to use, yet powerful enough
that it can adapt to do anything you want
with your blog in the future.
Like many other bloggers I started with
Blogspot and then changed to
WordPress. Switching blogging platforms
is a pain in the bum and will lose you
readers so the quicker you change to
WordPress the better.
If you haven’t started blogging yet then
choose WordPress as your blogging
platform from day one. You’ll thank me
for it. If you already use WordPress then
congratulations – you should be set for
life.
2. GMAIL
I have many email addresses which all
automatically send to my Gmail email
account. That way I can check all my
emails from anywhere, any time – even if
I’m not at my computer since Gmail is
web-based. I use the archive to store
emails that have been replied to, labels
to sort mail so, such as all invoices are
stored in one place and easily browsed,
and stars to highlight important emails.
Best of all every single email is backed
up free of charge and I’ll never need to
change my email address when I change
Internet Service Provider or move
overseas.
3. GOOGLE ANALYTICS
I use Google Analytics to see which of
my blog posts are the most popular and
check which websites send me the most
readers. I also use it as a reliable source
of reader demographics and site
statistics which I share with advertisers
and sponsors in my media kit.
4. MAILCHIMP
Mailchimp is an email management
system that tracks your email
subscribers. It’s currently free up for lists
with up to 2,000 subscribers which
should be enough for new bloggers, then
there’s a monthly charge after that.
MailChimp has great statistics so you
can check how many emails sent
actually get opened.
5. EVERNOTE
You can capture anything including Web
pages, images, text, and voice notes with
Evernote which is available as an app for
your cell phone or iPad as well as web-
based. Your notes can then be accessed
later from just about anywhere via a
computer or mobile device. You can also
use Evernote search through all of your
notes so you can find the information
you need fast.
6. MY HOURS
My Hours is an online time-tracking tool
to help you work out where all those
hours in the day disappear to and see
which tasks take more time than they
should. I’ve just started using it to track
how my time is spent in a bid to increase
productivity. It seems easy to use and
useful too.
7. RAPPORTIVE
Rapportive is a free add-on to your
Gmail account which shows you your
contacts’ LinkedIn, Twitter and Facebook
pages right inside your inbox. You can
then connect with them on those social
media sites without leaving Gmail. In
other words you don’t have to zip off to
Twitter to follow them, Facebook to
friend them and LinkedIn to connect with
them. It can all be done quickly and
easily from one place making you look
like a consummate professional with a
real interest in garnering your
connections.
8. DROPBOX
There are no excuses for not backing up
your work now. Dropbox offers free
automatic storage of all your files for up
to 2GB.
9. WE TRANSFER
WeTransfer is handy free tool for sending
big files like PowerPoint presentations or
videos which can’t be emailed.
10. OPEN OFFICE
Open Office offers free word processing,
spreadsheet and database management
software so you don’t need to buy
Microsoft Office.
11. SKYPE
Free phone calls all over the world,
instant messaging, free video calls and
free conference calls are all available
once you download Skype. We live in an
amazing world. Let’s take advantage of
it.
12. GOOGLE DOCS
Google docs is handy for sharing
documents online but best of all you can
use it to create free online surveys with
the results all shown in pretty pie charts
like this one.
13. GOOGLE CALENDAR
Google calendar is part of Gmail. The
calendar sends me reminders of my
appointments every morning and I can
update it from my cell phone too when
I’m out and about. I’ve also just given my
hubby access to my calendar so he can
see what I’m up to without having to ask
me. Hmmm, there could be some
drawbacks to that though.
14. GRAVATAR
Have you got a little image which
displays when you leave a blog comment
or are you stuck with the default grey
man? If you’re a grey man hurry over to
Gravatar (it stands for globally
recognised avatars) and spend a few
minutes uploading a fab photo of your
dear self. This is such an important part
of your online branding but one which
many new bloggers overlook.
15. GOOGLE READER
Once you have a Google email account
you can use Google Reader to follow all
your favourite blogs from one spot so
you’ll be able to find out when they’re
updated without actually visiting them.
16. FLICKR
Search the Flickr’s creative commons for
photos that will make your blog posts
pop like the one up top. Just be sure to
add a photo credit at the end of your
post.
17. PAYPAL
PayPal drives me nuts. Their anti-money-
laundering policies are so stringent that
almost everyone who ever receives
payment via PayPal seems to get their
entire account frozen at some point. It
took us months to get it sorted out when
it happened to us. But it’s still the best
way to send and receive money
internationally which you’ll need to do if
you want to buy blogging resources or
earn money by selling products or
services through your blog.
18. EASY CLOCK
This is a tool in the Chrome browser
which is far and away the easiest way to
compare time zones and work out a time
that will suit you and your overseas
clients when you want to book
consultations or a Skype call. First you
need to download and install Chrome
then add the easy clock app to it.
19. DRAGON DICTATION APP
I’ve just treated myself to Dragon
Naturally Speaking Premium which is
speak recognition software for your
computer. Yes, no more typing. The free
Dragon dictation app has limited capacity
but you can use it on your cell phone or
tablet to record short messages or
conversations which is handy.
20. HOOTSUITE
Hootsuite is a social media management
tool that let’s you manage Facebook,
Twitter and LinkedIn from one dashboard.
I love it because it allows you to add
RSS feeds so you can auto-tweet blog
posts, both your own and on other blogs.
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Saturday, March 5, 2016

About Human Body

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ABOUT HUMAN BODY

                                            BY-Apatel

Do you Know the Chemical Formula of Ghee

        CHEMICAL FORUMULA OF "GHEE".

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Tuberculosis Symptoms, Causes & Risk Factors

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Tuberculosis Symptoms, Causes & Risk Factors



What Are the Symptoms of TB?

A person with TB infection will have no symptoms. A person with active TB disease may have any or all of the following symptoms:
  • •A persistent cough
  • •Constant fatigue
  • •Weight loss
  • •Loss of appetite
  • •Fever
  • •Coughing up blood
  • •Night sweats
These symptoms can also occur with other diseases so it is important to see a healthcare provider and to let them find out if you have TB. A person with TB disease may feel perfectly healthy or may only have a cough from time to time. If you think you have been exposed to TB, get a TB test.

What Causes TB

Tuberculosis is an infection caused by bacteria. It's spread through the air—when an infected person coughs, sneezes, laughs, etc. However, it is not easy to become infected with tuberculosis. Usually a person has to be close to someone with TB disease for a long period of time. TB is usually spread between family members, close friends, and people who work or live together. TB is spread most easily in closed spaces over a long period of time.
Most cases of active TB result from the activation of old infections in people with impaired immune systems. People with active TB will display symptoms and can spread the disease to others.

What Are the Risk Factors of TB?

The chances of getting infected by the TB germ are highest for people that are in close contact with others who are infected. This includes:
  • •Family and friends of a person with infectious TB disease
  • •Persons who have immigrated from areas of the world with high rates of TB
  • •People in groups with high rates of TB transmission, including the homeless persons, injection drug users, and people living with HIV infection
  • •People who work or reside in facilities or institutions that house people who are at high risk for TB such as hospitals, homeless shelters, correctional facilities, nursing homes, and residential homes for those with HIV
Not everyone who is infected with the TB germ develops TB disease. People at highest risk for developing active TB disease are those with a weak immune system, including:
  • •Babies and young children, whose immune systems have not matured
  • •People with chronic conditions such as diabetes or kidney disease
  • •People with HIV/AIDS
  • •Organ transplant recipients
  • •Cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy
  • •People with receiving certain specialized treatments for autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or Crohn's disease

Preventing Tuberculosis

If you have become infected with TB, but do not have active TB disease, you may get preventive therapy. This treatment kills germs that are not doing any damage right now, but could so do in the future. The most common preventive therapy is a daily dose of the medicine isoniazid (INH) for 6 to 9 months.
If you take your medicine as instructed by your healthcare provider, it can keep you from developing active TB disease.
There is a vaccine against TB called BCG, or bacillus Calmette-Guerin. It is used in many foreign countries where TB is more common. However, it is not used very often in the United States because the chances of being infected with TB in the U.S. is low. It can also make TB skin tests less accurate. Recent evidence has shown that BCG is effective at reducing the incidence of TB in children by about half in populations with a high prevalence of active TB but is much less effective in adults.



Added bʏ -amaŋ patҽɭ 

Do you know about Medicated chewing gum?

Do you know about Medicated chewing gum?

The first medicated chewing gum was introduced in the USA in 1924. These are solid, single dose preparations with a base consisting mainly of gums that are intended to be chewed but not swallowed. They contain one or more active substances which are released by chewing. Chewing Gum (CG) has proven value as a delivery vehicle for pharmaceutical and nutraceutical ingredients. In recent years, chewing gums are considered to be friendly oral mucosal drug delivery systems. Chewing gum has been used for delivering the active drug (such as nicotine for smoking cessation therapy).

BENEFITS
Medicated chewing gums has various advantages like-
Chewing gum can be used without water, at any time, and everywhere.
Incorporated therapeutic agents are protected from oxygen, light, and water.
Product stability is good.
Chewing gum can produce both local effects and systemic effects.
Fewer side effects
Effect on dry mouth
Pleasant taste

A Chewing gum base consist mixture of
1. Elastomers
2. Plasticizers
3. Fillers or Textisizers
4. Resins
5. Emulsifiers and fats
6. Antioxidants
7. Colorants and Whiteners
8. Sweeteners
9. Flavoring Agents

GREEN CHEMISTRY: A FRIEND OF ENVIRONMENT

GREEN CHEMISTRY: A FRIEND OF ENVIRONMENT

Environmental issues in the past were considered as part of the economic system and the rapid exploitation of natural resources. It took many years to consider the established ways that materials were used (feedstocks), the initial design of chemical processes, the hazardous properties of products, the energy consumption and other parameters involved in the manufacture of products (life cycle, recycling, etc).
Green Chemistry was for many years a relatively abstract idea with no basic principles and definitions of practical applications. Now, the term Green Chemistry has been defined as “the invention, design and application of chemical products and processes to reduce or to eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances for workers and consumers”.
The definition of Green Chemistry starts with the concept of invention and design. This means we, scientists and technologists, must take into account from the start what we are looking for, what kind of product, how we are going to design its manufacture and its use. The impact of chemical products and chemical processes must be included as design criteria. Hazard considerations for initial materials and final products must also be included in the performance criteria.
Another aspect of the definition of Green Chemistry is in the phrase “use and generation of hazardous substances”. We must think in advance if use of the product is going to be dangerous (workers, consumers) or if it is going to generate environmental pollution through their use or after their practical application (as waste). Rather than focusing only on those undesirable substances that might be inadvertently produced in a process, Green Chemistry also includes all substances that are part of the process. Also, Green Chemistry recognizes that there are significant consequences to the use of hazardous substances, ranging from regulatory, handling and transport, production of waste and liability issues.
Green Chemistry aims not only for safer products, less hazardous consequences to the environment, saving energy and water, but includes broader issues which can promote in the end Sustainable Development.
The rapid development of new chemical technologies and the vast number of new chemical products in the last decades turned the attention of environmentalists to remedial actions for the negative impacts (monitoring environmental pollution, reduction of pollutants, recycling, etc).

CAREER IN FIELD OF PHARMACY

CAREER IN FIELD OF PHARMACY



Pharmacy is a well-respected profession in field of science and a desire to apply their knowledge of drug therapies to health care in a variety of settings.

Pharmacists are the "DRUG EXPERTS" among health care professionals. They understand how a drug heals and how it can hurt, how it reacts with foods and other drugs. They know its desired effects and its side effects.

Career options after completing B Pharm or M Pharm

1. Teaching - B Pharm first Class students are eligible to teach as lecturers in the D Pharm programme, where as M Pharm, first Class students can get a lecturer’s job in pharmacy degree colleges. It takes about 5 years to reach the grade of Sr. lecturer and about 10 years to become Assistant Professor and about 12 years to become Professor or a Principal of a college. While in teaching profession they can do research in pharmaceutical field and strive to become a well-known Research Scientist.

2. Pharmacist – Being in the health-related field, the B Pharm graduate can be Health-system Pharmacist or Hospital Pharmacist or Community Pharmacist.

3. Quality Assurance Health Manager – The Pharmacy graduate can play an important role in the development of clinical care plans, can investigate adverse medication events and in some cases can suggest preventive measures. He can play a key role in spreading awareness amongst the people about AIDS and the preventive measures to be taken.

4. Medical Transcription - The B Pharm graduate can work with medical practitioners to maintain the patient treatment history, the drug to which he/she is allergic etc.

5. Analytical Chemist of Quality Control Manager – The pharmacy graduate can play a crucial role in controlling product quality. The drug and the Cosmetics Act (1945), Rules 71(1) and 76(1) says that the manufacturing activity should be taken up under the supervision of a technical man whose qualification should be B Pharm, B Sc, B Tech or medicine with Bio-Chemistry.

6. Sales and Marketing – Ambitious achievers with pleasant personality and good communication skills can opt for the job of Medical Sales Representative. The companies prefer pharmacy graduates for this job, as they have a good knowledge about the drug molecules, their therapeutic effects and the drug-drug interactions.

7. Clinical Research - B Pharm/ M Pharm degree holders can take up career in clinical research. The human testing phase is called the clinical trial. A pharmacist can work as clinical research associate or clinical pharmacist and can rise to the position of project manager. The clinical research associate plays an important role of monitoring and overseeing the conducts of clinical trials, which are conducted on healthy human volunteers. They have to see that the trials meet the international guidelines and the national regulatory requirements.

8. Data Manager - A pharmacist can seek employment as “Data Manager” to store the data in the computer and process it using software developed for the purpose.

9. Regulatory Manager - A pharmacy graduate can work as “Regulatory Manager” (RM) in companies and contract research organisation. As an RM he has to oversee regulatory documentation such as Clinical trial approval permission, marketing approval permission etc.

10. Career in Regulatory bodies - A Pharmacist can be absorbed in the Regulatory bodies like Food and Drug Administration. Pharmacist having experience in clinical trial centres can also work as an inspector to inspect the clinical trial process. For these government jobs the student needs to appear and pass the MPSC examination.

11. Biotechnology is a fast growing branch and the B Pharm graduates can opt for post graduate diploma programme in Bioinformatics.

12. They can handle the job of monitoring the conduct of clinical trials that are conducted on human volunteers. It is their responsibility to see that the clinical trials are carried out as per the international guidelines.

13. The B Pharm Science programme is considered as a paramedical programme. The B Pharm Science graduates can therefore work in hospitals as hospital pharmacist or community pharmacist.

14. Since they have a good knowledge of therapeutic effects of drugs and that of drug-drug interaction, they are more suitable for a job in clinical research. They can opt for the post of clinical pharmacist or clinical research associate in a clinical research laboratory.

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Tuesday, March 1, 2016

DIFFERENT TYPES OF DISEASE AND THIRE TREATMENT AT HOME

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Realted to Health......






घरेलू नुस्खे ...


जब बाल झड़ रहे हों


1. नीम का पेस्ट सिर में कुछ देर लगाए रखें। फिर बाल धो लें। बाल झड़ना बंद हो जाएगा।

2. बेसन मिला दूध या दही के घोल से बालों को धोएं। फायदा होगा।

3. दस मिनट का कच्चे पपीता का पेस्ट सिर में लगाएं। बाल नहीं झड़ेंगे और डेंड्रफ (रूसी) भी नहीं होगी।


कफ और सर्दी जुकाम में


सर्दी जुकाम, कफ आए दिन की समस्या है। आप ये घरेलू उपाय आजमाकर इनसे बचे रह सकते हैं।


1. नाक बह रही हो तो काली मिर्च, अदरक, तुलसी को शहद में मिलाकर दिन में तीन बार लें। नाक बहना रुक जाएगा।

2. गले में खराश या ड्राई कफ होने पर अदरक के पेस्ट में गुड़ और घी मिलाकर खाएं। आराम मिलेगा।

3. नहाते समय शरीर पर नमक रगड़ने से भी जुकाम या नाक बहना बंद हो जाता है।

4. तुलसी के साथ शहद हर दो घंटे में खाएं। कफ से छुटकारा मिलेगा।


शरीर, सांस की दुर्गध में


यह परेशानी भी आम है। कई बार तो हमें इसका भारी खामियाजा भुगतना पड़ जाता है।


1. नहाने से पहले शरीर पर बेसन और दही का पेस्ट लगाएं। इससे त्वचा साफ हो जाती है और बंद रोम छिद्र भी खुल जाते हैं।

2. गाजर का जूस रोज पिएं। तन की दुर्गध दूर भगाने में यह कारगर है।

3. पान के पत्ते और आंवला को बराबर मात्रा में पीसे। नहाने के पहले इसका पेस्ट लगाएं। फायदा होगा।

4. सांस की बदबू दूर करने के लिए रोज तुलसी के पत्ते चबाएं।

5. इलाइची और लौंग चूसने से भी सांस की बदबू से निजात मिलता है।


उच्च रक्त चाप


1- कुछ दिनों तक लगातार आधा चम्मच मैथी दाना का पॉउड़र पानी के साथ लेने से उच्च रक्त चाप में लाभ होता है।

2- तुलसी के पाँच पत्ते और नीम के दो पत्ते कुछ दिनों तक लेने से उच्च रक्त चाप मे लाभ होता है।


3- तांबे के बर्तन में रखा हुआ पानी पीने से उच्चरक्त चाप में लाभ होता है।


4-दो कली लहसुन की खाली पेट लेने से उच्च रक्त चाप में फायदा होता है।

5- लौकी का एक कप रस सुबह खाली पेट लेने से उच्च रक्त चाप कम होने में फायदा करता है।

6- प्रतिदिन एक चम्मच तुलसी के पत्तों का रस लेना सभी रोगों में लाभकारी होता है।


पैर में मोच आ जाय


1- आक या पान का पत्ता या आम का पत्ते को चिकना कर नमक लगा कर उस स्थान पर बांधने से काफी लाभ होता है।

2- चोट लगने पर नमक में काले तिल, सूखा नारियल और हल्दी मिला कर पीस कर गरम कर चोट वाले स्थान पर बांधने से आराम मिलता है।


घुटनों के दर्द के कुछ उपाय


1- सुबह खाली पेट तीन-चार अखरोट की गिरियां निकाल कर कुछ दिनों तक खाना चाहिए। इसके नियंत्रित सेवन से घुटनों के दर्द में आराम मिलता है। नारियल की गिरी भी खाई जा सकती है। इससे घुटनों के दर्द में राहत मिलती है।


अस्थमा की समस्या


1- तुलसी के पत्तों को अच्छी तरह से साफ कर उनमें पिसी काली मिर्च डालकर खाने के साथ देने से दमा नियंत्रण में रहता है।

2- गर्म पानी में अजवाइन डालकर स्टीम लेने से भी दमे को नियंत्रि‍त करने में राहत मिलती है।


किड़नी में पथरी की समस्या


तीन हल्की कच्ची भिंड़ी को पतली-पतली लम्बी-लम्बी काट लें। कांच के बर्तन में दो लीटर पानी में कटी हुई भिंड़ी ड़ाल कर रात भर के लिए रख दें। सुबह भिंड़ी को उसी पानी में निचोड़ कर भिंड़ी को निकाल लें। ये सारा पानी दो घंटों के अन्दर-अन्दर पी लें। इससे किड़नी की पथरी से छुटकारा मिलता है।


पेट में वायु की अधिकता


1- ऐसी समस्या से छुटकारा पाने के लिए भोजन के बाद 3-4 मोटी इलायची के दाने चबा कर ऊपर से नींबू पानी पीने से पेट हल्का होता है।


2- सुबह-शाम 1/4 चम्मच त्रिफला का चूर्ण गर्म पानी के साथ लेने से पेट नर्म होता है।


3- अजवायन और काला नमक को समान मात्रा में मिला कर गर्म पानी से पीने से पेट का अफारा ठीक होता है।


नाभि के अपने स्थान से खिसक जाने पर


1- मरीज़ को सीधा लिटाकर उसकी नाभि के चारों ओर सूखे आंवले का आटा बना कर उसमें अदरक का रस मिलाकर बांध दें और दो घंटों के लिए सीधा ही लेटे रहने दें। दो बार ऐसा करने से नाभि अपने स्थान पर आ जायेगी। दर्द और दस्त जैसे कष्ट भी दूर होंगे।

2- ऐसे समय में मरीज़ को मुंग की दाल वाली खिचड़ी खाने में देनी चाहिए।

3- अदरक और हींग का सेवन भी फायदा करता है।


दस्त की समस्या


1- खाना खाने के बाद एक कप लस्सी में एक चुटकी भुना ज़ीरा और काला नमक ड़ाल कर पीएं। दस्त में आराम आयेगा।


2- अदरक का रस नाभि के आस-पास लगाने से दस्त में आराम मिलता है।

3- मिश्री और अमरूद खाने से भी आराम मिलता है।

4- कच्चा पपीता उबाल कर खाने से दस्त में आराम मिलता है।


बार-बार मूत्र आये


1- सुबह-शाम एक-एक गुड़ और तिल से बना लड्ड़ु खाना चाहिए।

2- शाम के समय काले भुने हुए चने छिल्का सहित खाएं और एक छोटा सा टुकड़ा गुड़ का खाकर पानी पी लें।


उल्टी


1- तुलसी के रस में बराबर की मात्रा में शहद मिला कर चाटने से उल्टी बन्द हो जाती है।


2- 2 चम्मच शहद में बराबर मात्रा में प्याज़ का रस मिला कर चाटने से उल्टी बन्द हो जाती है।


3- दिन में 5-6 बार एक-एक चम्मच पोदीने का रस पीने से उल्टी बन्द हो जाती है।


बच्चों को सर्दी या बुखार हो जाय तब


1- दो-तीन तुलसी के पत्ते और छोटा सा टुकड़ा अदरक को सिलबट्टे पर पीस कर मलमल के कपड़े की सहायता से रस निकाल कर 1 चम्मच शहद मिला कर दिन में 2-3 बार देने से सर्दी में आराम मिलता है।


2- लौंग को पानी की बूंदों की सहायता से रगड़ कर उसका पेस्ट माथे पर और नाभि पर लगाना चाहिए।


3- एक कप पानी में चार-पाँच तुलसी के पत्ते और एक टुकड़ा अदरक ड़ाल कर उबाल लें पानी की आधी मात्रा रह जाने पर उसमें एक चम्मच गुड़ ड़ाल कर उबाल लें। दिन में दो बार दें। आराम आ जायेगा।


                                                                      Added by-Aman patel