Saturday, April 30, 2016

Growing Uses of Medicinal plants in Different area of medicine

Growing Uses of Medicinal plants in Different area of medicine

Medicinal and aromatic plants constitute a major segment of the flora that provides raw materials for pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and drug industries. The indigenous systems of medicines, developed in India for centuries, make use of many medicinal herbs that includes Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani, and many other indigenous practices. India is one of the world’s 12th mega diversity centers with 47,000 plant species and is divided into 20 agro-eco zones.

There are many medicinally valued plant resources, which provide various kinds of drugs and medicines for various ailments in our country. In one of the studies by the WHO, it is estimated that 80 per cent of the population of developing countries relies on traditional plant based medicines for their health requirements. Even in many of the modern medicines, the basic composition is derived from medicinal plants and these have become acceptable medicines for many reasons that include easy availability, least side effects, low prices, environmental friendliness and lasting curative property. India and China are the two major producing countries, having 40 per cent of the global biodiversity and availability of rare species.

The Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India has identified and documented over 9,500 species of medicinal plants that are significant for the pharmaceutical industry. Of these, 2,000 to 2,300 species are used in traditional medicines while at least 150 species are used commercially on a large scale.

The importance of medicinal and aromatic crops is increasing in the recent past, due to various changes that have taken place in the field. The first and foremost change that has been observed is the preferred shift from Western medicines towards indigenous medicines. This was also encouraged by the natural/organic contents of these medicines, and their affordability. The increased popularity of Ayurvedic medicines in the Western world has spurred increased demand for trade.

Modern tools of pharmacology have greatly improved on the methods of the forest shaman, the Egyptian seer, and the Aztec herbalist, but we have yet to discover or invent a richer selection of chemical possibilities than that which nature has already provided. So long as the natural diversity of the earth’s vegetation remains accessible to scientific inquiry, the tradition of medicinal plant exploration is likely to continue for centuries to come.

Disclaimer- Data collected by different sources and data have values before of year 2013.

Plants are most important for humanity. Plants may be food, may be medicine, may be cloth, and may be house. Plants are our life. So protect them.